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Sweden Green Plan

Swedish Parliament approved a bill in 1999, which was refined in 2000 aiming to “hand over a society to the next generation in which the major environmental problems have been solved.”  Sweden's environmental goal is to meet 16 objectives within a generation that will protect the quality and state of its varied natural landscape.  Managing land, water, and the built environment; protecting human health, and creating a comfortable and vibrant culture are the broad themes that shape the Swedish approach to environmental management.  Of particular focus is the aim of reaching levels of consumption that will support Sweden’s environmental goals in the long-term.  Read more about the plan’s origins here [http://www.regeringen.se/content/1/c4/11/97/2aa978ad.pdf] and the consumption directive here [http://www.miljomal.se/Environmental-Objectives-Portal/Undre-meny/Press-corner/Consumption-puts-significant-pressure-on-the-environment-in-other-countries/]

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The policy uses one hundred national indicators to assess progress toward long-term goals, with interim targets, monitoring of results, and adapting targets as needed. The political and administrative framework includes a national Environmental Objectives Council that coordinates government agencies' efforts; county administrative boards functioning as regional environmental agencies; and municipalities translating the national and regional objectives into local actions.  Sweden provides extensive English language data on its environmental progress, which can be accessed here [http://www.miljomal.se/Environmental-Objectives-Portal/]

Sweden’s Green Plan includes these broad objectives: Reduced Climate Impact, Clean Air, Natural Acidification Only, A Non-Toxic Environment, A Protective Ozone Layer, A Safe Radiation Environment, Zero Eutrophication, Flourishing Lakes and Streams, Good-Quality Groundwater, A Balanced Marine Environment, Flourishing Coastal Areas and Archipelagos, Thriving Wetlands, Sustainable Forests, A Varied Agricultural Landscape, A Magnificent Mountain Landscape, A Good Built Environment, A Rich Diversity of Plant and Animal Life.  Each section provides an overview of targets, timetables, and results to date.


Management Strategies
Business tends to create its environmental management systems according to regional and local environmental objectives, not only those of the broad national plan.  However, exchange occurs between specific industries and the national level as evidenced by the Confederation of Swedish Enterprise and Federation of Swedish Farmers who each work directly with the EOC.  The plan explicitly states that environmental NGOs help to place pressure on politicians as well as acting as experts for the EOC. Some of these NGOs include the Swedish Society for Nature Conservation, Friends of the Earth Sweden, Nature and Youth Sweden, Greenpeace, Swedish Ecodemics, and World Wide Fund for Nature.

Measuring Success

Sweden has been a leader in pushing international climate change recognition and solutions. In June 2009, it issued its Environmental Objectives in Brief report. The government notes that while its actions are moving in the right direction in many areas, the situation is highly problematic regarding climate, seas, a non-toxic environment, and biodiversity because of the risk of sudden irreversible changes in the environment.

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Mexico City Green Plan
Sweden Green Plan
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